Using TLS Authentication for your Go Kafka Client

If you want to access a Kafka server that have enabled TLS, you will need to be able to use certificate to connect from your Sarama / Go client. This article outlines the needed steps to configure it properly.

Configuring your Kafka server to support authentication

If you are managing your own Kafka service and would like to enable authentication, you should read this article from Confluent documentation site: Encryption and Authentication using SSL.

Converting Java keystore and truststore

The first steps to easily handle your certificates from Go is to convert them to a set of PEM files.

Here are the commands to extract the Certificate Authority (CA) certificate:

$ keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore kafka.server.truststore.jks -destkeystore server.p12 -deststoretype PKCS12
$ openssl pkcs12 -in server.p12 -nokeys -out server.cer.pem

You can then convert your client keystore to be usable from Go, with similar commands:

$ keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore kafka.server.keystore.jks -destkeystore client.p12 -deststoretype PKCS12
$ openssl pkcs12 -in client.p12 -nokeys -out client.cer.pem
$ openssl pkcs12 -in client.p12 -nodes -nocerts -out client.key.pem

Go Kafka client supporting TLS authentication

To connect to the server and authenticate with TLS, you just need to generate the proper TLSConfig. Here is the relevant code:

func NewTLSConfig(clientCertFile, clientKeyFile, caCertFile string) (*tls.Config, error) {
 tlsConfig := tls.Config{}

 // Load client cert
 cert, err := tls.LoadX509KeyPair(clientCertFile, clientKeyFile)
 if err != nil {
  return &tlsConfig, err
 }
 tlsConfig.Certificates = []tls.Certificate{cert}

 // Load CA cert
 caCert, err := ioutil.ReadFile(caCertFile)
 if err != nil {
  return &tlsConfig, err
 }
 caCertPool := x509.NewCertPool()
 caCertPool.AppendCertsFromPEM(caCert)
 tlsConfig.RootCAs = caCertPool

 tlsConfig.BuildNameToCertificate()
 return &tlsConfig, err
}

The code is then extremely simple to connect:

func main() {
 tlsConfig, err := NewTLSConfig("bundle/client.cer.pem",
  "bundle/client.key.pem",
  "bundle/server.cer.pem")
 if err != nil {
  log.Fatal(err)
 }
 // This can be used on test server if domain does not match cert:
 // tlsConfig.InsecureSkipVerify = true

 consumerConfig := sarama.NewConfig()
 consumerConfig.Net.TLS.Enable = true
 consumerConfig.Net.TLS.Config = tlsConfig

 client, err := sarama.NewClient([]string{"localhost:9093"}, consumerConfig)
 if err != nil {
  log.Fatalf("unable to create kafka client: %q", err)
 }

 consumer, err := sarama.NewConsumerFromClient(client)
 if err != nil {
  log.Fatal(err)
 }
 defer consumer.Close()

 consumerLoop(consumer, "mytopic")
}

The consumerLoop has nothing special regarding TLS authentication. You can just use your standard Sarama code. You can read the full code on Github: base-client.go.


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